Include a number of species including the common bluebottle fly, Calliphora
vomitoria (Linnaeus) the green bottlefly, Phaenicia sericata (Meigen) and
others. Adult flies are metallic blue, green, copper or black colored flies
that otherwise resemble house flies in appearance.
Other Calliphoridae include the black blow fly, Phormia regina (Meigen),
and the cluster fly, Pollenia rudis (Fabricius). Larvae of cluster flies
parasitize earth worms. Adult flies hibernate in homes. Species of the
family, Sarcophagidae, are also found in association with carrion and excrement,
although some feed on decaying vegetation or are parasitic.
One example of this
family is the flesh fly, Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis Fallen (Diptera: Sarcophagidae).
Adults are similar to blow flies but are patterned a checkerboard (tessellated)
of gray and black on the abdomen. The hair on the last antennal segment
(arista) is bear or less feathery than those of Calliphoridae.
Female flies lay eggs on or near suitable habitats. Tiny maggots hatch
from eggs in 6 to 48 hours.
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