here for photo ©Nebraska Wildlife
There are two varieties of flying squirrels, the northern and the southern. At some parts of their range, they will overlap. The southern is more aggressive and generally dominates. The southern squirrel is smaller, only about nine or ten inches long. The southern can have two litters per year, while the northern variety usually has only one.
Food consists of berries, nuts and the northern variety especially likes sugar maple sap. They will both occasionally eat young birds, but mostly feed on grains and nuts.
They will invade structures, mostly to “den” together in the winter season, and will sometimes have many individuals living together. Their range is very broad, covering most of North America, in forests, which is their preferred habitat.
Nocturnal animals, with very large eyes, suited for their nighttime activities. They “fly” by means of their gliding ability and can glide 3 feet for every foot of vertical drop. They usually glide from one tree to another, and after landing, will scurry around to the other side of the tree, a natural adaptation to escape pursuing predators. In the wild, they seldom live for more than five years or so, and are food for owls, eagles, cats and other predators.
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